Juniper File Copy Ftp
Regards from www. And in this post, you’ll get to see some unique ways to copy a file in Python. Can you please help me how to do it? I know in Windows I just open a Windows Explorer windo. If you want to ftp to switch then get file, you have to enable the FTP server on the switch. FTP client subcommand. The following Robo-FTP Script will log in to the FTP site every night at midnight and upload all files. Automate file transfers (or synchronization) to FTP server or SFTP server Advertisement This guide contains a simplified description of automating operations on FTP / SFTP server with WinSCP. ini file, typically located in “C:\Program Files\WS_FTP\”. Experienced administrators may also often times opt for client FTP access. The C# Basics beginner course is a free C# Tutorial Series that helps beginning programmers learn the basics of the C# Programming. It can be slower than normal ftp/scp for small files as a result. We will use the FtpWebRequest class to perform this action. SFTP, which stands for SSH File Transfer Protocol, or Secure File Transfer Protocol, is a separate protocol packaged with SSH that works in a similar way over a secure connection. Solved: Hi All, I am trying to copy files from the FTP server to SAS. To move files from the iPhone to your computer, click on the “+” button at the top of the File Manager app window. Click on the “Add…” button and select files to transfer to your iPhone. The File connector can copy or move files or directories on demand. You can also use EG (assuming you've got that in your Citrix environment) and the Copy Files task to achieve a similar end. GetResponse(), FtpWebResponse) Console. Click advanced tab. Neither machine is running an SSH server and you would prefer not to install one, but Netcat is already present. If a file is uploaded in the form, the file populates on the ftp server. You can use an asterisk ( * ) to copy all members in a file to your current library or directory. Is there a way to move this as part of my VB code while creating and saving the xml file in my code?. Help us improve your experience. bat; select "Run as Administrator". Both Windows and Mac computers have built-in ways to access FTP servers, though you can also. WiFi-Remote-Access. In this introductory post, we explain what FTP scripts are, why you'll want to use them, and how to create simple Windows-based scripts to upload or download files from a FTP server. the IP address of your cRIO controller. CAB (contact [email protected] You'd need to get such details from your hosting provider. This request requires authorization with at least one of the following scopes:. FTP is resided on the application layer of OSI standard model so particular tasks can be obtained with its use such as to uphold intercontinental communication and to produce standards relating online communication. There are several different methods of extracting the configuration from from. Upgrade and Backup JunOS Image of Juniper SRX Device. This allows you to see your local files on the left and the FTP server files on the right. The remote server must have direct access to the remote resource. mpg and I want to copy this file to /media/sda3/SkyDrive and do not want to delete any thing in SkyDrive directory. total 4 drwxr-xr-x 2 FTP staff 512 Oct. But here my problem is, it copies into default application server path(DIR_HIOME). Select one of the following options and specify relevant settings: Enable FTP service (No encryption): FTP is the standard network protocol used to transfer files,. seems like you specified transfer protocol FTP and are using a TFTP server. Easily copy multiple files by using Copy-Item “That is OK, but I specifically want to copy my pictures, and I do not want to type a bunch of names. How do I go about it?. scp will log you into the remote server, copy the file, then log you out again in one process, so just run it from a shell on your local machine. Trying to highlight and copy and paste each text file name is way too time consuming. The Course Linux Server is an example of a Unix/Linux machine. I have a new file download for EX2200 switch and I would like to upgrade our the IOS on it. gz Copy the jinstall package to the router. From the File menu select New FTP Profile to define the profile to copy files to/from the FTP site. In some CLI commands and configuration statements—including file copy, file archive, load, save, set system login user username authentication load-key-file, and request system software add—you can include a filename. Backup Juniper device configuration file on FTP. One of its primary uses is in the early stages of booting from a local area network , because TFTP is very simple to implement. How to Transfer Files Between Your PC and Android Phone Wirelessly Zainul Franciscus @howtogeek Updated July 11, 2017, 9:27pm EDT Mounting your Android phone to transfer files is fast and efficient, but nothing beats the convenience of a wireless file transfer. The exact file attributes supported are file system and platform dependent, but last-modified-time is supported across platforms and is copied to the target file. I don't want to install a client or any software packages). As we all know about SCP Linux command to Copy the files and directories from a remote host to the local host and vice versa over SSH. I need to upload multiple files to an ftp server, i tried to send each file a time using Webrequest, the problem is that each time I send a file i need to add credentials , which means i open up a new session. From the menu that appears choose Info. The ftp does not support variables. You can copy files from your computer hard drive to FTP server or the other way around easily. How to fetch a file from FTP and import into SQL Server automatically A simple example of an ftp script that fetches a single file looks like this: open ftp. The following FTP Command will copy a file (using BINARY mode) from the local system to the remote system and display the information. ki> file copy /config/juniper. Unfortunately, one of the cards is corrupt and the router cannot load the configuration files, preventing it from booting. ro[email protected]> file copy filename ftp://[email protected]/filename. NET Standard, optimized for speed. FileZilla is a powerful and free software for transferring files over the Internet. bat) into an ADMIN CMD prompt screen or go into Windows Explorer, RIGHT-click on FTPup. If it is listed, you can enable it by running:. Run command prompt (as administrator) and run the Copy. It is a very popular FTP client and is used by webmasters from all over the world. The client-index. ; By default, if an environment variable _proxy is set on the target host, requests will be sent through that proxy. Before attempting to copy your file, you should first create the file on the server where it is being copied, set permissions so that it can be overwritten, and specify it in the copy path. Copy files from local Router to Remote host: To copy files from local router to a remote host, FTP or Secure Copy Protocol (SCP) can be used: [email protected]> file copy filename ftp://hostname. Extended Description The mod_copy module in ProFTPD 1. You will be able to set the ftp to passive vs. My new job (as of December 11,) has thrust me into the position of trying to crash course/learn everything I can about Juniper. You could use FTP from your PC instead. FTP for ActiveX. I have two Juniper J2320 routers and each contains an internal compact flash card that the routers boot from. Copying or moving files from one document library to another is one of the common scenarios in SharePoint when it comes to document management. We can achieve the file uploading task by using the below three inbuilt classes of. PSFTP can be launched from the Windows Start. This topic is 4 years old. the IP address of your cRIO controller. A FTP client is a software that enables you to upload files to your webhost server. To access a particular FTP account on the server, specify a user name and password. Copying a file requires that you have access to both the source file and the intended destination. Second Copy can copy files using FTP. Once you have built the second FreeBSD machine, FTP across the latest JUNOS file from your FTP server - I used "jinstall-8. The copy action currently looks as follows: As you can see I pull the file name from the trigger and note that I have removed the leading slash from the destination File Path. Your proposed workaround to use a copy operation instead of a move in the post transfer script will work. This can be done using anonymous FTP. An FTP client is a program that allows you to easily move files from one computer to another. It can be timer job,sharepoint out of box functioinality. bat file format: This syntax contains copy command with source and destination folder paths. FileZilla® is a cross-platform FTP, SFTP, and FTPS client with a vast list of features, which supports Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and more. I have one file on the Linux server that I will copy to the Juniper device: [email protected]:/tftpboot$ cat test. How to Transfer Files Between FTP and Google Drive Using Backup Box. It is a free and open source FTP client that works on Windows, Linux and Mac it can be downloaded from here. After you're comfortable with moving around the hierarchy of your hard drive in UNIX, it's a cinch to copy, move, and rename files and folders. Oracle File/FTP Adapter is one of the service component of the Oracle SOA Suite, Oracle File and FTP Adapter allows BPEL or Mediator process to exchange (i. While there are many nice desktops FTP clients available, the FTP command is still useful when you work remotely on a server over an SSH session and e. Experienced administrators may also often times opt for client FTP access. Copy from serverA to serverB, where I'm executing from serverC (ansible box). recv Copies a remote file to the local computer using the current file transfer type. How to get multiple file from FTP server? Normally when we try to connect to a FTP server we can download one file after other but if we want to download multiple files at a time we can use mget at FTP prompt but the issue is it always asks you to conform your action by presenting you with yes/no. For this example, copy a file from your instance to a path on your workstation. com 2 Juniper Commands cheat sheet NetFixPro. What are the steps to pull the files from the other operating system using SSIS? The most common approach would be to use the FTP task, but others use third party. Copy the Junos software package you downloaded from the Juniper site to /var/tmp; From the primary node, issue the following commands: node0# request routing-engine login node 1. This is confusing. I don't want to install a client or any software packages). The get option is used to download or transfer a file from the remote system to the local system. If you want to ftp to switch then get file, you have to enable the FTP server on the switch. The Flat File Schema tools are available in the Azure SDK. zip 200 PORT command successful. However, this is limited to files that are smaller than 2 GB. Are you receiving corrupt files during FTP transfers? It might simply be due to an incorrect data type setting. Once connected, you’ll be prompted to log in using a username and password. The minimum abbreviation, a description, and the link to each subcommand are also included. Downloads files from HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP to the remote server. If using ftp to copy files (default) then an ftp daemon must be running on the remote host. Juniper SRX save config to USB drive if you already have the file you wish to copy on 1 node of your firewall cluster, you can copy that file between members. Why do I get "Access is Denied" when trying to copy a file?. NET Standard, optimized for speed. Using the Junos OS CLI Command Completion, Controlling the Scope of an Operational Mode Command, Monitoring Who Uses the Junos OS CLI, Viewing Files and Directories on a Device Running Junos OS, Displaying Junos OS Information, Managing Programs and Processes Using Junos OS Operational. But I am running into permissions problems. People on other computers can now share and copy files to and from your machine. With SCP, you can quickly transfer files using the command line, which is often faster and easier than using a client with a graphical interface. on app server (Unix), but force it to run on process scheduler on NT or Windows that has access to LAN]. ftp: connect: Connection refused 2. Extracting Config Files from Juniper NetScreen, SSG And ISG Firewalls (ScreenOS) Blog post • Jan 21, 2013 10:53 GMT. However, this is limited to files that are smaller than 2 GB. To download files from FTP server you can use SQL server with 'Mput' command of. UPDATE: This blogpost from year 2009 uses old API (GetFiles method), in the new versions of Rebex components there are the newer multiple file operations Upload and Download. copy ftp flash 2. ini and can be extended to extract information from registry as well. The Kermit FTP client is also available in Kermit 95 2. Unable to copy file from FTP 2015-05-08 16:11. Still a workaround but at least it’s a quick procedure. Most of the time I remotely log into my Raspberry Pi. looking for an easy way for users to browse for a file on their local drive, and then have access automatically make a copy of that file (files will most likely be images) and save it under a new name. Copy the Junos software package you downloaded from the Juniper site to /var/tmp; From the primary node, issue the following commands: node0# request routing-engine login node 1. I have a file with the name "Little_snowflake. Step 1: Downloading your SSL Certificate & its Intermediate CA certificate: If you had the option of server type during enrollment and selected Other you will receive a x509/. bat to copy file from File Sharing & FTP Hosting to local directory. Once connected, depending on your web browser, use basic Windows operations to access the files. When you use the Get subcommand, FTP might truncate data records and you might lose data, if one of the following occurs: If you are creating a new data set at the client and the value of LRecl, as shown by the LOCSTat command, is a value less than the LRecl of a received data set, then FTP truncates the received data set. exe) ON by default. The following configuration sample shows how to backup the JUNOS configuration file on FTP server. You can transfer any files you want, for instance, the software images. It supports the full security and authentication functionality of SSH. But I am running into permissions problems. Copying Files between Linux Computers Linux offers a rich set of protocols you can use to copy files between computers. Solution: User>editUser# save User #run file listUser#exitUser>ftp server-ip Ftp>put filename Ftp>exit User> I read the following article but the commands suggested in the article are not working. If the file already exists on your local system and you do not use the Replace option, the existing file is not overwritten. So that is what we will be looking at in this article. The type of each item in the directory in the RT target is first established and only the items of type 'file' are picked. dom/ folder. Copy files between servers and local machines. Some of the enterprise networks allow management of both nodes via the management port fxp0 management interface. If remote-file is omitted, the local filename is used for the remote filename. Because it is equal to direct FTP to FTP copy. But at times when you are automating things or trying to achieve some copy functionality using a script, it is good to have a utility to do that. Do you have time for a two-minute survey?. In the case of creating a Web site, this means that if you create the pages for your site on your computer, either using a text editor or some other Web page editor , then you will need to move it to the server where your site will be hosted. If you want to parse files with a specific format, the following file format types are supported: TextFormat, JsonFormat, AvroFormat, OrcFormat, ParquetFormat. This directory allows for a simple copy between two AS/400s instead of FTP. Which are two very different protocols. It's definitely different than Cisco as there are more than one way to load configs. For a complete description of the parameters, return type and errors, see the FTP Create Directory operation. open computer [ port ] Connects to the specified FTP server. Local files that are are not in this list will then be uploaded during a second connection. Establish an ftp connection. Sure - it can drive around that race track but it's not going to do it as fast. On every commit applied on CLI, the EX switch will transfer a copy of the configuration file to an ASCII file. > configure # set vlans newvlan vlan-id 123 # commit. APP: Computer Associates Products Message Engine RPC Server Remote Buffer Overflow. Secured File Transfer Server Implementation Update: 08/20/09 The Secure File Transfer Server (SFTS) has been implemented. On every commit applied on CLI, the EX switch will transfer a copy of the configuration file to an ASCII file on FTP server. In our case, it is binary. 38 is the FTP Server IP Thank you,. How do I copy a directory or folder under Linux operating system using command line options and bash shell? Introduction: A file is a collection of data items stored on disk. To transfer file from Application server to FTP, with the help of FM read application server data to an internal table and follow below steps to transfer file to FTP : Declare following variables. You can use FTP to transfer files from your Mac OS X Snow Leopard computer with an FTP server by using the command-line interface (CLI); to use the CLI, open a Terminal, or shell, session. Here, we show you how to manually backup WordPress files via FTP. Step 1: Downloading your SSL Certificate & its Intermediate CA certificate: If you had the option of server type during enrollment and selected Other you will receive a x509/. If you need to connect to an FTP server running on a different port or with a different username or password, the full format for this is ftp://username:[email protected]_server_name:port_number. Now you have a gzipped copy of your config. bat file from A folder to B folder. From the command line; Enter the command, “copy ftp://(username):(password)@(desktop IP address)/(filename) disk:/ You will be prompted for username (registered with Filezilla). Your data is secure with support for FTPS (FTP over SSL), automatic network reconnection, automatic transfer resume, efficient use of multiple connections, and more. Let's go through each section and create cdplayer's spec file as we go. A successful exploit can lead to remote file copying. Each month I export a file and need to go on to an FTP site through Windows explorer to copy the entire file into a directory called extract The procedure to obtain this file is as follows: 1) Go to internet explorer 2) type in FTP address for eg ftp://50. Hi there I need to get some files across to my pc so they can be checked. Unfortunately, one of the cards is corrupt and the router cannot load the configuration files, preventing it from booting. gz file and rename it to, like, "home-juniper. scp -P '*port running ssh on destination server*' /home/direc/file. Providing a Username and Password in One Line When Copying a FTP File to a Cisco ASA Firewall May 2 nd , 2013 | Comments To copy a file from an FTP server to the flash of a ASA you could do the following:. To copy a local file to the SCC, click on the “Put” button on the icon bar and then pick the file you want in the file selection dialog that opens. gz, in the router’s /config directory:. To copy a subset of files under a folder, specify folderPath with folder part and fileName with wildcard filter. Tags: CLI, Cluster, Copy, Juniper, JunOS, Shell, SRX, Update, Upgrade. Feel free to download a copy and use it for yourself. As we can see from results some of the files are copied but some of them are not copied because of the size restriction wi. b'z of that I cant identify whether that the transmission has completed or not. Common commands. To create a backup to USB type the following command in operational mode. PowerTCP FTP for ActiveX is feature-rich, designed specifically for ease-of-use within COM-supported environments, and is backed by the best technical support in the industry. 165 21 TESTA9MS test11 binary put E\PGP\test_pg quit And run it from the. Files may be copied from one system to another to stage adversary tools or other files over the course of an operation. txt as user username to the server server. ResponseCode = 0 Then 'SomeTime FTP steps will execute successfully, but file will not be there in Destination path 'Search for the file in the Path mentioned in this Message Box MsgBox "File is Copied to :" & VBA. Copying Files between Linux Computers Linux offers a rich set of protocols you can use to copy files between computers. Unable to copy file from FTP 2015-05-08 16:11. Mount a disk from "Ronny" and copy a file from "Ronny" to "Al". Open the note pad and put the below syntax and save as. This example uses the "file copy" command:. Then use the FTP object to upload and download files. Bonkey takes around 30 minutes! to do an incremental backup to ftp with 4000 files while filezilla takes 21 seconds. Juniper CLI Basic Command Reference Guide. All commands below are RFC 959 based unless stated otherwise. ftp> get windows-cleveland. FTP Examples for Java. Once the printer file has been created, use FTP in character format (not in binary format) to copy the text file directly to the printer file. local-file - Specifies the name to use on the local computer. This is simply an example of one way to copy the file. Transferring Files from UNIX to Windows by Using Client for NFS. where test is a filename containing the output of "DIR" command from the CISCO device. To upload your files: In the Local site section, select all of your website's files and directories and drag them into the Remote site section. FTP is useful as it allows you to store or retrieve files from any computer in the world. If the file to be. Most robust and powerful file manager for wordpress. On JUNOS this requires 'system services ftp' configuration. FTP is resided on the application layer of OSI standard model so particular tasks can be obtained with its use such as to uphold intercontinental communication and to produce standards relating online communication. Hi guys, Why can't i copy a file from ftp to my router/switch flash ? I can upload files to FTP but can't copy from it to router/switch. How To Upload and Download Files with FTP from a VB. The copy module copies a file from the local or remote machine to a location on the remote machine. You will be able to set the ftp to passive vs. That is why many webmasters use FTP for uploading their websites files on their hosting accounts. This file explains how to copy files between Unix/Linux machines and between Unix/Linux and other machines running Windows or Mac OSX. FTP Examples for Java. I am a new Linux system user. FTP specifies the access method that enables you to use file transfer protocol (FTP) to read or write to a file from any host machine that you can connect to on a network with an FTP server running. With FTP you can use the IFS structure in the FTP script. You may also use drag and drop File Manager. This is the single greatest way to keep many different machines in sync with files there is. This tutorial explains how to use FileZilla to upload your website. And to download these files and re-upload to another server can take a lot of time using FTP client such as Filezilla. I want to create a script, which transfer these files in another server using ftp as | The UNIX and Linux Forums Shell Scripting for creating ftp and transfer file The UNIX and Linux Forums. Launch notepad copy paste the below code and save it as Copy. The logs are transferred to ThreatSTOP using FTP. Authorization. Now copy the. if success, then deleting the files from the FTP server; repeating those steps every 15 minutes; I haven't done that much with batch files so far, so it would be great if you could help me. You may also have a preferred file editor such as NotePad++ or Sublime Text to make changes to the files on your server, in which case, an FTP client would be optimal. I am a new Linux system user. You can manually archive configuration files by copying them to a file server on your network, following these steps: Use the Junos OS file copy operational mode command to copy the active configuration, the file juniper. Whenever someone wants to copy files from/to their computer to/from their Android device, they can simply connect their device to the computer via USB cable and make. Copy Files From You Local Computer To An Azure VM and Back Do you need to copy files from your local workstation to Azure Virtual Machines? No need to use FTP, or send files on cloud drives or blobs. In regular life of coding we are downloading files from FTP server using c# code or any other code it may take much time to code as well as more time to download. And in this post, you’ll get to see some unique ways to copy a file in Python. htaccess file. How to Use FTP. How do I go about it?. iso inside quemu folder. ftp> ls -l 200 PORT command successful. SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) is a secure file transfer protocol. An FTP and FTPS client for. From the command line; Enter the command, “copy ftp://(username):(password)@(desktop IP address)/(filename) disk:/ You will be prompted for username (registered with Filezilla). This is not for a single file. FTP is an acronym for File Transfer Protocol. I need to upload multiple files to an ftp server, i tried to send each file a time using Webrequest, the problem is that each time I send a file i need to add credentials , which means i open up a new session. Advanced FTP Backup Transferring Engine. scp -P '*port running ssh on destination server*' /home/direc/file. In this tutorial, I will explain how to use the Linux ftp command on the shell. The Kermit FTP client is also available in Kermit 95 2. The way we direct RPM in the build process is to create a spec file. I checked Google for solutions but didn't really find a good one. Use the fetch module to copy files from remote locations to the local box. 38 is the FTP Server IP Thank you,. Skip and Overwrite files confirmations for Copy and Move operations on disk, network, FTP, SCP, FTPS, SFTP Description of Altap Salamander Confirmations Powerful confirmations displayed during Copy, Move, or Delete operations. Copy the file externally (use a scripted ftp with the x statement), and then run proc import. When a firewall separates the E Series router from the network host, you must use the FTP server to transfer files to the user space. JUNOS Command Line interface allows the user to export the configuration file into an FTP server and to import it back to the switch. The remote server must have direct access to the remote resource. The general options are: 1. if success, then deleting the files from the FTP server; repeating those steps every 15 minutes; I haven't done that much with batch files so far, so it would be great if you could help me. Here are some example of how to transfer and rename files using basic FTP or Command Prompt. The Flat File Schema tools are available in the Azure SDK. Macro to send file to FTP site Hello everyone, I am creating and saving an XML file on my hard drive and then having to move the file/s (or the folder) to my webserver by using Filezilla. Hi Peers, Can i know how to copy a file from ftp and place it in particular = folder via peoplecode. This "gets" the file from the remote host: ftp> get n16e11n. PSFTP can be launched from the Windows Start. Juniper SRX as an FTP/SCP server One nice feature of using a Juniper SRX firewall is that this is a full-featured Junos device, with a rich feature set inherited from the routing and switching world. 2 You are on a Windows host 2. So, let’s get started to learn the nine different methods to do Python copy file operation. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) When secure file transfer volumes are moderate but sharing data between offices or with external partners is business critical, FTP is an attractive solution. what is the best approch to achive this. This is a common port that's usually open internally, except in some high-security situations or across a DMZ. To create a backup to USB type the following command in operational mode. bat REM @echo off cd\ C:\ del importedfile ftp -s: Script. We need to set a root password. Still a workaround but at least it’s a quick procedure. Click on the “Add…” button and select files to transfer to your iPhone. Each month I export a file and need to go on to an FTP site through Windows explorer to copy the entire file into a directory called extract The procedure to obtain this file is as follows: 1) Go to internet explorer 2) type in FTP address for eg ftp://50. b'z of that I cant identify whether that the transmission has completed or not. The get option is used to download or transfer a file from the remote system to the local system. How do I copy files under Unix operating system using ksh or csh or bash shell prompt? You need to use the cp command to copies files and directories under Unix like operating systems. You might also have to open ports in your router’s software to allow access. Unable to copy file from FTP 2015-05-08 16:11. Because it dates back to the early days of the internet, it enjoys universal support and therefore remains a popular option for many companies. Solved: Hi All, I am trying to copy files from the FTP server to SAS. How to Copy Large Files over VPN or Other Unreliable Network Connections June 26, 2014 Dorian Leave a comment Large file transfer over VPN is a problem for many companies for a few reasons, transfer is unreliable, VPN traffic kills the Internet connection, and it is unproductive. A successful exploit can lead to remote file copying. This allows you to see your local files on the left and the FTP server files on the right. Hi, Are you trying to run the program as administrator?Some file copy operations to system 32 or INF folders are blocked for other users who doesn't have administrative privilage. NET: FtpWebRequest , WebRequestMethods , and NetworkCredential. txt Write a script to process the contents of ftp. The following configuration sample shows how to backup the JUNOS configuration file on FTP server. This example uses the "file copy" command:. You must be in the FTP environment to use the FTP subcommands. I'd like to bump this one. To download multiple files from FTP server, we use mget command. Namely you want to create the same directory on the FTP server as initial directory. By default Robocopy will only copy a file if the source and destination have different time stamps or different file sizes. net , uploading downloading This code sample shows how to use Asp. I tried to update a file from FTP to google drive and also get the «not found» message. windowsadmin. The FTP subcommands are listed in Table 1. To upload your files: In the Local site section, select all of your website's files and directories and drag them into the Remote site section. Does anyone knows an easy way of doing it? I will connect directly via console to the switch. However, this is limited to files that are smaller than 2 GB. Friends, I have an input file which contains three fields FTPFolderName, FileName, FTPFileName based on this values i want to copy a file from one FTP server to Another and viseaversa. Password of FTP server ( for ex : pwd(10) TYPE c VALUE '1234' ), 3. How to get multiple file from FTP server? Normally when we try to connect to a FTP server we can download one file after other but if we want to download multiple files at a time we can use mget at FTP prompt but the issue is it always asks you to conform your action by presenting you with yes/no.